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As we reached the horizon of the first universally accepted developmental model, Millennium Development Goals, there are few concerns on its execution and vision for providing inclusive development for the entire population. While MDGs has provided a fundamental base to build on, the future looks brighter for the new Post 2015 developmental model including Sustainable Developmental Goals and Targets and Hyogo Framework for Action II for Disaster risk reduction. SDG which are stated to be accepted as the prime developmental model in September 2015, calls for 'Leaving No One Behind'. While there are many concerns with Dalits as the caste base discrimination is not properly taken in concern during the MDG stage.
SDG accepts caste as a determinant for political and socio-economic exclusion in the South Asia. While the term caste is not profoundly used, it is constituted into the larger framework Discrimination based on Work and Descent (DWD). Dalits are often been excluded of any developmental framework, especially in execution and service delivery in South Asia. While, in India, there is high rate of caste based exclusion, similar tends are found in Nepal and Bangladesh. While Pakistan and Srilanka, are still in the verge of recognizing the Dalit population in their respective countries. Caste based exclusion is a dominant cause for poverty in these countries, which hold almost a quarter of world's population and yet 40 % of the world's poor. In India alone Dalits constitutes to be 17% of the total population. National and International responses to the condition of Dalits in South Asia would determine the success of the sustainable development trajectory that seek to reduce inequalities.